Marijuana is also known as marijuana, grass, and weed, but cannabis is actually its official name. It comes from the Cannabis sativa plant’s leaves and flowers. In the US and several others, it is considered an illicit drug and possession of marijuana is a felony punishable by law. Marijuana, which has a very high potential for abuse and has no established medicinal application, is listed by the FDA as Schedule I. Several studies have stated over the years that certain drugs found in marijuana have medicinal use, especially in terminal diseases such as cancer and AIDS.Have a look at Flow with the high of recreational marijuana from Cannasseur Pueblo West for more info on this.
This sparked a fierce debate about the benefits and drawbacks of the use of medical marijuana. The Institute of Medicine released a popular 1999 IOM study entitled Marijuana and Medicine: Evaluating the Scientific Base in order to settle this controversy. The study was thorough but did not include a straight cut yes or no answer. In their lobbying claims, the opposite camps of the medical marijuana dilemma also cite part of the study. However, while several details were explained in the report, it never resolved the dispute once and for all.
Let’s look at the problems that justify why it should be allowed for medical marijuana.
Marijuana is a naturally occurring herb that has been used for centuries as a herbal medicine from South America to Asia. In this day and age where essential health buzzwords are all natural and organic, a naturally occurring weed such as marijuana could be more desirable to consumers and safer than synthetic drugs.
Cannabis has high therapeutic potential. Several studies have shown, as outlined in the IOM study, that cannabis can be used as an analgesic to relieve pain, for example. A few studies have shown that THC, a component of marijuana, is successful in treating cancer patients with chronic pain. However there are inconclusive records of research on acute pain, such as those encountered during surgery and trauma. A few studies, also outlined in the IOM study, have shown that certain components of marijuana have antiemetic properties and are thus effective against nausea and vomiting, which are common side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer. Some researchers agree that the therapeutic potential of cannabis against neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis is assured. There is strong therapeutic potential for particular compounds derived from marijuana. It has been shown that cannobidiol (CBD), a major marijuana ingredient, has antipsychotic, anticancer and antioxidant properties. The prevention of high intraocular pressure (IOP), a significant risk factor for glaucoma, has been shown by other cannabinoids. The US FDA has approved medications that contain active ingredients found in marijuana but have been synthetically developed in the laboratory. One example is Marinol, an antiemetic agent indicated for cancer chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting. Its active ingredient is dronabinol, a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
The Marijuana Policy Project (MPP), a US-based group, is one of the largest supporters of medical marijuana. They also expressed their support to many medical professional associations and organisations. A re-evaluation of the Schedule I classification of marijuana in their 2008 position paper was proposed by the American College of Physicians as an example. The ACP also strongly supports research into the medicinal role of marijuana, as well as protections from federal criminal prosecution; civil liability; or professional sanctions for doctors who in compliance with state law, prescribe or dispense medical marijuana. Similarly, as allowed by state legislation, immunity from criminal or civil penalties for patients using medical marijuana.
In many developed countries, medical marijuana is legally used The question of why not us if they can do it? Another powerful point is. Some countries have allowed the medicinal use of marijuana under strict prescription supervision, including Canada, Belgium, Austria, the Netherlands, the UK, Spain, Israel, and Finland. There are also several states in the US that allow exemptions.
Here are the reasons against medicinal cannabis now.
Absence of safety and efficacy results. Control of drugs is based first on safety. It is still important to develop the protection of marijuana and its components first. Efficacy comes second only. The benefits should outweigh the risks for it to be considered for medicinal use, even though marijuana has some positive health effects. Until it is proven that marijuana is better (safer and more efficient) than the medications currently on the market, its legalisation for medicinal use could be a long shot. According to the testimony of the Department of Health and Human Services’ Robert J. Meyer, getting access to a prescription or medical procedure does not help someone without learning how to use it or even whether it is successful. Patients are not improved by simply having access, without having protection, effectiveness, and appropriate use of data.
Chemical Elements Unknown. Medical marijuana, in herbal form, can only be readily available and affordable. Marijuana falls under the group of botanical goods, including other herbs. However, unpurified botanical products face several concerns, including accuracy of lot-to-lot, determination of dose, efficacy, shelf-life, and toxicity. According to the IOM study, if there is any future for marijuana as a drug, cannabinoids and their synthetic forms are the isolated components of marijuana. It would take so much time and resources to thoroughly characterise the various components of marijuana that the cost of the drugs coming out of it would be too high. Currently, no pharmaceutical company is interested in spending resources to isolate more medicinal ingredients from marijuana beyond what is already available in the industry.