Hard water can be very harmful and difficult to use. It can clog the pipes, reduce the lather producing quality of soap and can react with soap to create a sticky scum. It is not at all useful for household purposes. Hence, water softening by installing water softener systems is very essential. Hard water contains magnesium and calcium. This leads to its unproductive ability. By using one of these systems, you can very easily get rid of these problems. They replace the magnesium and calcium ions in the hard water with sodium ions. The sodium ions reduce the chances of pipe blockage and reduction in the formation of soap lather. The following article will give you a detailed review about the working of water softener systems. Feel free to find more information at some of the best water softener systems.
The basic functioning of these softeners is very simple. The water in the house runs through a pipe system imbibed with small plastic beads. The plastic beads are made up of zeolite which is nothing but sodium ions. As the water touches these beads the magnesium and calcium ions are replaced with sodium ions. The beads in the softener need to be changed in periodic intervals because the zeolite in the systems wears out eventually. As the zeolite wears out there is nothing but magnesium and calcium ions left on the plastic beads. This acts against the ability of water filtration systems and makes the water hard once again. This is when the chemical matrix or the zeolite from the systems needs to be regenerated.
Regeneration is a very simple process. As mentioned earlier the sodium ions from the plastic beads wear out, hence, the plastic beads have to be soaked in a stream or a solution of sodium ions. You must have noticed that water softener systems are usually loaded with salt. As we all know salt is a very good and strong example of sodium chloride and that is why we fill them with salt. As we pour the salt, the water treatment system mixes up a brine strong solution with the salt and flushes the solution through the beads and the zeolite. The brine solution flushed through the system once again replaces the magnesium and calcium ions with sodium ions. The remaining brine, calcium and magnesium ions are flushed through the drainage pipe of the softener. Please note that water softener systems can emit around 25 gallons i.e. 95 liters of salty water. This happens especially after regenerating the systems. People who happen to have lead pipes should make it a point to remove the lead pipes from their systems and replace them with ordinary pipes. Lead pipes in water softener systems may disturb the entire flow of water and result in the wearing out of lead.